The Kurds or the Kurdish people are an Iranian ethnic group of the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria. Wikipedia. Diaspora (outside Greater Kurdistan): 2 million. Iraq: est. 5.6–8.5 million, Turkey: est. 14.3–20 million, Iran: est. 8.2–12 million, Syria: est. 2–3.6 million. Army: Peshmerga.